Tamil Nadu to diversify: How Karunanidhi created a good politics, a good economy for the state’s growth


During the 1989 elections in Tamil Nadu, which followed the President’s rule, the DMK was against the construction of the nuclear power project in Kudankulam in Tirunelveli land in Tamil Nadu. But soon after his party was in power, DMK Karunanidhi’s chief executive in New Delhi was for meetings. At one of those meetings, when he met with senior IAS officials from the state who worked in ministries in the national capital, he appointed a government secretary. He told this officer that his party was actually protesting against the nuclear project, an agreement first signed in 1988 between Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and his Russian colleague Leonard Brezhnev, but he wants to ensure that there should be a 10,000 crore project out of the state. The project generated many jobs, he acknowledged, and advised the bureaucracy to establish an environmental committee and told him that these objections were gradually and that the project could resign.

He did many years later, generating power that emerged to the state, even though he and his party again protested in 2011. Karunaniei later reasoned it, saying that the DMK was always supporting growth industrially “scientific” way.


This strategy was on display when he returned as a CM in 1996. During the end of the first term J Jayalalitha as CM, the state bureaucracy was trying to set up a project at the huge US car Ford, offering a package to attract the company up in Tamil Nadu. He did not try to stop the project that emerged during his predecessors, but he went on with Hyundai South Korea, which led to firms to leak other automatic components and the Greater Chennai region to be emerging as the country’s automatic capital.

But it was earlier years – in the early 1970s – during its first term as CM, it is the first step to make Tamil Nadu that the state is most diversified in terms of industrial development. In this regard, R Venkataraman, who was the Minister of Industry during the control of the Congress in the 1960s and subsequently President of the country, has promoted the concept of industrial estates and institutions for such industries without financing and infrastructure and enabling environment. One of his reliable ministers, S Madhavan, took on, with the concept of the joint sector where the state was a starting-up partner, rather than building large industrial fields and infrastructures throughout the state. In recent years, it has been the center of growth and incentives for the electronic industry, which was in the solar phase in the late 1980s and during the 1990s.

In his recent book, Dravidian Years – Politics and Welfare in Tamil Nadu, former finance secretary and Union Economic Advisor for Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, S Narayan, IAS official from Tamil Nadu said that the indicators for the state have increased significant during the decade of the 70’s. The domestic state product increased by 17 percent at fixed prices between 1970 and 1976, per capita income rose by around 30 per cent, literacy rates rose from 39.5 percent in the 1971 census to 54.4 percent in the 1981 census and The result of infant mortality also dropped rates. Although there has been significant growth in the years when M G Ramachandran was in charge of the AIADMK government, Narayan argued that the growth base was laid down during the initial DMK years.


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